Obesity levels are rising with a simultaneous decline
in physical activity (PA). Efforts to increase PA levels which focus
upon changing individuals’ behaviour have had limited success.
Increasing attention has therefore been directed towards the potential
of the local environment (e.g. the availability of PA amenities and
resources) to influence PA levels and obesity. However, the precise
mechanisms through which the UK environment can impact upon PA levels
and obesity are not well understood. One potential contributory factor
is the extent to which the availability of and access to facilities for
PA is distributed equitably across different neighbourhoods. Most
studies to date have been conducted in the USA or Australia, limiting
their applicability to the UK.
To determine whether or
not the spatial distribution of fixed PA amenities varies by small area
deprivation and to identify whether or not this differs by degree of
urbanicity or rurality.
To identify the
accessibility of fixed PA amenities by alternative modes of transport
and to examine the extent to which this varies by area level
To examine how people
travel to fixed PA amenities in Scotland. Does this vary by gender, age,
socioeconomic status, time of day, day of week or season?
To investigate whether
or not access to fixed PA amenities is associated with PA or obesity and
to identify whether or not this varies by age, gender, socioeconomic
status or degree of urbanicity.